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Total Trade Fell by 3.6 Per Cent Year-on-Year





The total trade recorded a year-on-year decrease of 3.6 per cent to BND2,157.4 million in February 2023 compared to BND2,237.4 million in February 2022. This was due to a decrease in exports value by 12.2 per cent to BND1,265.8 million from BND1,442.5 million, mainly attributable to a decrease in Mineral Fuels exports. 

The decrease in Mineral Fuels exports was driven by the export values of Crude Oil and Other Petroleum Products, particularly automotive diesel fuels. The decline in Crude Oil exports value was due to a fall in exports price by 14.0 per cent and exports volume by 20.0 per cent.​

Changes Year-on-Year

​Crude Oil 
February 2022​
​February 2023
​Changes (%) February 2023 / February 2022 
​Price (USD/bbl)
​Volume (kbbl/day)

Total value of imports increased to BND891.6 million in February 2023 from BND794.9 million in February 2022, mainly due to an increase in imports of Mineral Fuels. 

In terms of export commodities, Mineral Fuels represented the major contributor to Brunei Darussalam’s exports at 78.4 per cent, followed by Chemicals (19.2 per cent), and Machinery and Transport Equipment (1.0 per cent). 

The five main imports by commodity for February 2023 were Mineral Fuels (70.5 per cent), followed by Machinery and Transport Equipment at (10.4 per cent), Food (6.3 per cent), Chemicals (4.2 per cent), and Manufactured Goods (3.9 per cent).

The main export markets in February 2023 were Japan (29.1 per cent), followed by Australia (19.2 per cent), and Singapore (13.4 per cent). The largest export commodity to Japan, Australia and Singapore was Mineral Fuels.

The biggest import partner were United Arab Emirates (44.9 per cent), followed by Malaysia (16.4 per cent) and People’s Republic of China (9.8 per cent), with Mineral Fuels as the largest import commodity. 

59.3 per cent of imports were used as Intermediate Goods for processing, followed by Capital Goods (37.6 per cent) for business operations and Consumption Goods (3.1 per cent) for household use.

In terms of month-on-month changes, compared to January 2023, total trade fell by 12.6 per cent due mainly due to the fall in export value by 20.2 per cent. However, it was offset by an increase in imports by 1.0 per cent. 

95.5 per cent of trade by value was delivered through sea transport. This was followed by air transport by 3.3 per cent and via land by 1.2 per cent.

The International Merchandise Trade Statistics report for February 2023 can be accessed through the DEPS’s website at

Full Report: International Merchandise Trade Statistics (IMTS) Full Reports Feb_2023.pdf