1. The CPI in September 2019 decreased by 0.4 per cent year-on-year compared to September
2018. Prices of Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages decreased by 1.0 per cent. Non-Food
prices also decreased by 0.3 per cent.
2. The CPI decrease was largely attributed to decreases in the prices and costs of Transport
(3.7 per cent); Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels (2.0 per cent); and Food and
Non-Alcoholic Beverages (1.0 per cent). However, this was moderated by increases in the
prices and costs of Restaurants and Hotels (4.7 per cent); Recreation and Culture (2.5 per
cent); and Clothing and Footwear (0.9 per cent).
3. Prices of Transport declined due to decreases in prices of motor cars and air tickets.
Meanwhile, the decrease in the prices of Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels
was due to decreases in rentals for housing, and materials for the maintenance and repair of
the dwelling. The decrease in Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages was due to decreases in
prices of biscuits, eggs and fresh fruits.
4. On a month-on-month basis, the CPI in September 2019 increased by 0.7 per cent compared
to August 2019. The Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages Index increased by 0.3 per cent,
while the Non-Food Index increased by 0.8 per cent.
5. The CPI is a measure of price changes of goods and services paid by the consumer in a
specified period and compiled on a monthly basis. The list of goods and services in the CPI
is based on the average expenditure per household from the Household Expenditure Survey
(HES). The CPI full report for September 2019 is available from DEPD’s website: